B. whereas around 3.2 million citizens of the remaining 27 Member States (EU-27) currently reside in the UK and 1.2 million UK citizens (UK citizens) in the EU-27; Whereas these citizens settled in another Member State on the basis of their rights under EU law and considered that they would enjoy these rights throughout their lives, the political momentum for reforms was also strengthened by the advent of the international human rights movement after the Second World War. When the language of human rights gained popularity, States committed themselves to respecting an ever-increasing range of fundamental rights. Starting with the European Convention on Human Rights (`the Convention`) in 1951, the United Kingdom has ratified a large number of contractual instruments of the United Nations and the Council of Europe which set out a set of binding human rights standards. Many of these commitments have become the priority of civil society activism and have begun to influence policy-making in a number of areas. However, the ever-increasing importance of “Rights Talk” has also begun to highlight areas where British law and policy fall far short of established human rights standards. In addition to the HFG, the Common Law and other statutes adopted by Parliament also play an important role in the protection of individual rights by imposing significant legal restrictions on the authorities. For example, the Equality Act 2010 prevents authorities from discriminating on the basis of race, sex, disability and other grounds of equal treatment. However, these additional sources of legal protection play a supporting role in relation to the HRA. The application of the Bills of Rights in the Kingdom of Ireland was uncertain.
While the English Parliament sometimes passed laws concerning Ireland, the Irish Patriot Party considered this illegitimate and others felt that English laws were extended to Ireland only if explicitly stated, which was not the case for the Bill of Rights. The Crown of Ireland Act 1542 meant that changes to the royal succession were extended to Ireland. Bills of Rights were introduced in the Irish Parliament in 1695 and 1697, but were not implemented. According to the Acts of Union of 1800, the provisions on the rights of Parliament implicitly extended to Ireland, but the provisions on individual rights constituted a grey area. Some jurists did not regard the bill as positive law, but as a common law statement and, as such, applicable to Ireland.  Here are some of the first principles of natural law and justice and the great barriers of all free states, and in particular of the British Constitution. . . .