Transit is carried out on the principle of shipping, a provision in gas contracts by which a buyer agrees to pay contractually agreed transport capacity, regardless of the quantities actually transported. BUCHAREST (ICIS) – Ukraine and Russia have signed a five-year transit agreement for guaranteed minimum amounts from 2020, Ukraine`s Naftogaz confirmed late Monday. Gazprom and Naftogaz in Ukraine were brought before an arbitration court in Stockholm in a series of disputes over gas prices and transit rights in 2014. “Despite the construction of new infrastructure projects such as Nord Stream, Nord Stream 2 and TurkStream, we will maintain transit through Ukraine,” the Russian leader said. After intense negotiations, Russia and Ukraine signed a five-year agreement on the transit of Russian gas to Europe before the deadline. The agreement negotiated in Vienna was confirmed on 30 December by Russian and Ukrainian gas companies and Ukrainian President Wolodymyr Zelenskiy in a social post. The current agreement was due to expire on 31 December and has compromised Europe`s vital link with billions of cubic metres of gas from Russia via Ukrainian gas pipelines in the depths of winter. About 40% of the 200 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas sent each year by Russia to Europe has been transferred through The vast network of Ukrainian gas pipelines. Energy relations between the two neighboring countries are part of a wider geopolitical struggle with the military occupation — Russia invaded Ukraine`s Crimea peninsula in 2014 and backed separatists in the east of the country – allegations of cyberwarfare, propaganda and international complaints about human rights violations and embezzled assets.
In the past, Kiev and Moscow have repeatedly argued over gas prices and transit tariffs, so That European consumers are sometimes cut off from a major source of energy. “The (signed) documents are in effect from today and provide for a transit of Russian gas via Ukraine after 31 December 2019.” MOSCOW/KIEV (Reuters) – Russian and Ukrainian companies have signed a final five-year agreement to move Russian gas to Europe via Ukraine, Kremlin-controlled gas giant Gazprom and Ukrainian President Wolodymyr Zelenskiy said on Monday night. “Ukraine`s priority is to sign a long-term agreement with certain gas transport volumes to ensure stability in European energy markets and lower prices for end consumers,” Ukraine`s energy ministry said in a statement this week. Under the new agreement, Russia`s Gazprom, which supplies more than a third of Europe`s gas needs, would use an agent to reserve the transit of 225 billion cubic meters (bcm) of fuel over five years. The package of agreements signed on 30 December in Vienna, after five days of permanent negotiations, includes: Russia and Ukraine reached an “agreement in principle” on Thursday to continue the transit of Russian gas through Ukrainian territory. The final agreement on the transit of Russian gas to Europe via Ukraine was finally sealed after the two countries first agreed on the 20 December protocol. The agreements do not deal with the complaints filed by the Naftogaz group against the Russian Federation concerning the group`s assets in Crimea. Some disputes resolved, but not all The new agreement, according to Zelenskiy, provides that “both parties retain the right to renew the contract for another 10 years” after its expiry. Russia is also part of the new treaty, which agrees to pay $2.9 billion to Ukraine as part of a Stockholm arbitration supplement, which Moscow did on December 27.
In return, Naftogaz promised to release Gazprom`s confiscated assets in Europe, and both sides agreed to abandon mutual legal actions that have not yet been completed and to sign an out-of-court settlement.